Why use HttpClient for Synchronous Connection

[Origin]: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/14435520/why-use-httpclient-for-synchronous-connection

I am building a class library to interact with an API. I need to call the API and process the XML response. I can see the benefits of using HttpClient for Asynchronous connectivity, but what I am doing is purely synchronous, so cannot see any significant benefit over HttWebRequests.

If anyone can shed any light I would greatly appreciate it. I am not one for using new technology for the sake of it.

You could use HttpClient for synchronous requests just fine:

using (var client = new HttpClient())
{
    var response = client.GetAsync("http://google.com").Result;

    if (response.IsSuccessStatusCode)
    {
        var responseContent = response.Content; 

        // by calling .Result you are synchronously reading the result
        string responseString = responseContent.ReadAsStringAsync().Result;

        Console.WriteLine(responseString);
    }
}

As far as why you should use HttpClient over WebRequest is concerned, well, HttpClient is the new kid on the block and could contain improvements over the old client.

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Pass NTLM with Postman

[Origin]: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/37341304/pass-ntlm-with-postman

Is there a way to pass Windows Authentication with postman?

I have added this in header but still 401 Unauthorized.

Authorization: NTLM TkFcYWRtaW46dGVzdA==

As suggested by this link. I’ve encrypted as Unicode (UTF-16, little-endian) but of no use.

Any Ideas?

I got this working by running Fiddler first.

  1. Run Fiddler (I’m using 4.6.2.3)
  2. Fiddler Menu: Rule -> Automatically Authenticate = true
  3. Postman: Check that Authorization type = No Auth
  4. Browse api.

you can use the the NTLM authorization exist in the Authorization tab same as this photo

enter image description here

Single controller with multiple GET methods in ASP.NET Web API

[Origin]: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9499794/single-controller-with-multiple-get-methods-in-asp-net-web-api

In Web API I had a class of similar structure:

public class SomeController : ApiController
{
    [WebGet(UriTemplate = "{itemSource}/Items")]
    public SomeValue GetItems(CustomParam parameter) { ... }

    [WebGet(UriTemplate = "{itemSource}/Items/{parent}")]
    public SomeValue GetChildItems(CustomParam parameter, SomeObject parent) { ... }
}

Since we could map individual methods, it was very simple to get the right request at the right place. For similar class which had only a single GET method but also had an Object parameter, I successfully used IActionValueBinder. However, in the case described above I get the following error:

Multiple actions were found that match the request: 

SomeValue GetItems(CustomParam parameter) on type SomeType

SomeValue GetChildItems(CustomParam parameter, SomeObject parent) on type SomeType

I am trying to approach this problem by overriding the ExecuteAsync method of ApiController but with no luck so far. Any advice on this issue?

Edit: I forgot to mention that now I am trying to move this code on ASP.NET Web API which has a different approach to routing. The question is, how do I make the code work on ASP.NET Web API?

shareedit

This is the best way I have found to support extra GET methods and support the normal REST methods as well. Add the following routes to your WebApiConfig:

routes.MapHttpRoute("DefaultApiWithId", "Api/{controller}/{id}", new { id = RouteParameter.Optional }, new { id = @"\d+" });
routes.MapHttpRoute("DefaultApiWithAction", "Api/{controller}/{action}");
routes.MapHttpRoute("DefaultApiGet", "Api/{controller}", new { action = "Get" }, new { httpMethod = new HttpMethodConstraint(HttpMethod.Get) });
routes.MapHttpRoute("DefaultApiPost", "Api/{controller}", new {action = "Post"}, new {httpMethod = new HttpMethodConstraint(HttpMethod.Post)});

I verified this solution with the test class below. I was able to successfully hit each method in my controller below:

public class TestController : ApiController
{
    public string Get()
    {
        return string.Empty;
    }

    public string Get(int id)
    {
        return string.Empty;
    }

    public string GetAll()
    {
        return string.Empty;
    }

    public void Post([FromBody]string value)
    {
    }

    public void Put(int id, [FromBody]string value)
    {
    }

    public void Delete(int id)
    {
    }
}

I verified that it supports the following requests:

GET /Test
GET /Test/1
GET /Test/GetAll
POST /Test
PUT /Test/1
DELETE /Test/1

Note That if your extra GET actions do not begin with ‘Get’ you may want to add an HttpGet attribute to the method.

shareedit

How to remove error about glyphicons-halflings-regular.woff2 not found

[Origin]: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/32300578/how-to-remove-error-about-glyphicons-halflings-regular-woff2-not-found

This problem happens because IIS does not know about woff and woff2 file mime types.

Solution 1:

Add this lines in your web.config project:

 <system.webServer>
  ...
  </modules>
    <staticContent>
      <remove fileExtension=".woff" />
      <mimeMap fileExtension=".woff" mimeType="application/x-font-woff" />
      <remove fileExtension=".woff2" />
      <mimeMap fileExtension=".woff2" mimeType="application/font-woff2" />
    </staticContent>

Solution 2:

On IIS project page:

Step 1: Go to your project IIS home page and double click on MIME Types button:

Step 1

Step 2: Click on Add button from Actions menu: Step 2

Step 3: In the middle of the screen appears a window and in this window you need to add the two lines from solution 1: Step 3

shareedit

The ‘Access-Control-Allow-Origin’ header contains multiple values

[Origin]: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/37594403/the-access-control-allow-origin-header-contains-multiple-values

i’m trying to send get request to api like it’s a login url

var url = "http://demo.software.travel/gptp/api/authorization?apiKey=****&amp;alias=****&amp;login=****&amp;password=****"
$.get(url, function(data) {
    console.log(data);
});

i’m getting this in my console this error

XMLHttpRequest cannot load http://demo.software.travel/gptp/api/authorization?apiKey=****&alias=****&login=****&password=****. 
The 'Access-Control-Allow-Origin' header contains multiple values 'http://travellights.net, *', but only one is allowed. 
Origin 'http://travellights.net' is therefore not allowed access.

i’m trying to see questions here to solve it but i didn’t get what i need to change, this is annoying actually.

The ‘Access-Control-Allow-Origin’ header contains multiple values

this solved by asp.net web.congif

By the way i’m using CHROME BROWSER any help i appreciate.

UPDATE response headers:

Access-Control-Allow-Credentials:true
Access-Control-Allow-Credentials:true
Access-Control-Allow-Headers:origin, x-requested-with, Content-Type, accept, Token
Access-Control-Allow-Methods:GET, HEAD, POST, PUT, DELETE, TRACE, OPTIONS
Access-Control-Allow-Origin:http://travellights.net
Access-Control-Allow-Origin:*
Connection:close
Content-Encoding:gzip
Content-Type:application/json;charset=utf-8
Date:Thu, 02 Jun 2016 16:41:18 GMT
Server:nginx/1.1.19
Set-Cookie:JSESSIONID=51FEE1A1206B9B481DD3EEA4167A9256; Path=/gptp
Vary:Origin
Vary:Accept-Encoding
X-UA-Compatible:IE=EmulateIE7

Request Headers:

Accept:application/json, text/javascript, */*; q=0.01
Accept-Encoding:gzip, deflate, sdch
Accept-Language:en-US,en;q=0.8,ar;q=0.6,en-GB;q=0.4
Connection:keep-alive
Host:demo.software.travel
Origin:http://travellights.net
Referer:http://travellights.net/b2b/Pages/login?
User-Agent:Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/50.0.2661.102 Safari/537.36
shareedit

You are attempting to do Cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) which is a mechanism that allows restricted resources on a web page to be requested from another domain outside the domain from which the resource originated. (such as accessing fonts or JSON files).

Browsers restrict your access to resources from other origins as of Same-origin policy as a security measure for internet users.

To get around this issue you have to options:

  1. allow CORS on the domain http://demo.software.travel (but there is are security concerns, more description about it here: https://www.owasp.org/index.php/HTML5_Security_Cheat_Sheet#Cross_Origin_Resource_Sharing)

Enable CORS on the server to be able to access other domains through. this can be done by adding the following headers to responses:

Access-Control-Allow-Origin: http://travellights.net Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Origin, X-Requested-With, Content-Type, Accept
  1. if you are not granted resource sharing with that domain, you are allowed to use JSONP for read only operations (JSONP is inherently read-only)

JSONP wraps a JSON object in a callback, which technically makes the request a non-restricted resource (a script tag) hence can be shared across domains.

it can be done via vanilla js by adding a script tag onto the page.

function process(data) {
    // do stuff with JSON
}

var script = document.createElement('script');
script.src = '//domainURL?callback=process'

document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(script);

or you can use jquery to achieve the same:

$.ajax({enter code here
    url: "http://query.yahooapis.com/v1/public/yql",
    jsonp: "callback",
    dataType: "jsonp",
    data: {
        q: "select title,abstract,url from search.news where query=\"cat\"",
        format: "json"
    },
    success: function( response ) {
        console.log( response ); // server response
    }
});

jquery documentation: https://learn.jquery.com/ajax/working-with-jsonp/

shareedit

If you set “Full” CORS (with OPTION pre-request) on in nginx by add ‘access-control-allow-origin *’ and independently you add that header (for Simple CORS – without OPTION pre-request) to each response in SERVER (eg. php):

header('Access-Control-Allow-Origin', "*");

Then you will get this problem. Solution: remove code which add this header in server if already you add this header in your nginx config 🙂

I found this advice here

shareedit

Why does my JavaScript get a “No ‘Access-Control-Allow-Origin’ header is present on the requested resource” error when Postman does not?

[Origin]: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/20035101/why-does-my-javascript-get-a-no-access-control-allow-origin-header-is-present

I am trying to do authorization using JavaScript by connecting to the RESTful API built in Flask. However, when I make the request, I get the following error:

XMLHttpRequest cannot load http://myApiUrl/login. No ‘Access-Control-Allow-Origin’ header is present on the requested resource. Origin ‘null’ is therefore not allowed access.

I know that the API or remote resource must set the header, but why did it work when I made the request via the Chrome extension Postman?

This is the request code:

$.ajax({
    type: "POST",
    dataType: 'text',
    url: api,
    username: 'user',
    password: 'pass',
    crossDomain : true,
    xhrFields: {
        withCredentials: true
    }
})
    .done(function( data ) {
        console.log("done");
    })
    .fail( function(xhr, textStatus, errorThrown) {
        alert(xhr.responseText);
        alert(textStatus);
    });

If I understood it right you are doing an XMLHttpRequest to a different domain than your page is on. So the browser is blocking it as it usually allows a request in the same origin for security reasons. You need to do something different when you want to do a cross-domain request. A tutorial about how to achieve that is Using CORS.

When you are using postman they are not restricted by this policy. Quoted from Cross-Origin XMLHttpRequest:

Regular web pages can use the XMLHttpRequest object to send and receive data from remote servers, but they’re limited by the same origin policy. Extensions aren’t so limited. An extension can talk to remote servers outside of its origin, as long as it first requests cross-origin permissions.

shareedit
shareedit

For C# web services – webapi

Please add the following code in your web.config file under <system.webServer> tag. This will work.

<httpProtocol>
    <customHeaders>
        <add name="Access-Control-Allow-Origin" value="*" />
    </customHeaders>
</httpProtocol>

Please make sure you are not doing any mistake in the Ajax call.

jQuery

$.ajax({
    url: 'http://mysite.microsoft.sample.xyz.com/api/mycall',
    headers: {
        'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
    },
    type: "POST", /* or type:"GET" or type:"PUT" */
    dataType: "json",
    data: {
    },
    success: function (result) {
        console.log(result);
    },
    error: function () {
        console.log("error");
    }
});

Angular 4 issue, please refer to How to fix Angular 4 API call issues.

shareedit

How to retrieve output parameter from stored procedure in Entity Framework

[Author]: https://code.msdn.microsoft.com/How-to-retrieve-output-e85526ba

How to get output parameter in stored procedure from Entity Framework(CSEFOutputParameter)

Introduction

This sample demonstrates how to use ObjectParameter instance to get the value of output parameter in Entity Framework.

Building the Sample

  1. Start Visual Studio 2012 and select File > Open > Project/Solution.
  2. Go to the directory in which you download the sample. Go to the directory named for   the sample, and double-click the Microsoft Visual Studio Solution (.sln) file.
  3. Attach the database file EFDemoDB.mdf under the folder _External_Dependencies to your SQL Server 2008R2 database instance.
  4. Modify the connection string in the App.config according to your SQL Server 2008R2 database instance name.
  5. Press F7 or use Build > Build Solution to build the sample.

Running the Sample

  1. Right click the solution and built it.
  2. Press F5 to run the project, a console window will appear.

3

3.Follow the prompt to input person information.

Using the Code

Stored Procedure

ALTER PROCEDURE [dbo].[InsertPerson]    
@Name varchar(50),    
@Description varchar(200),      
@ID int OUT    
AS    
INSERT INTO Person(Name,Description) VALUES(@Name,@Description)    
SET @ID = SCOPE_IDENTITY() 

The code below demonstrates how to get the value of output parameter.

// Create a ObjectParameter instance to retrieve output parameter from stored procedure 
ObjectParameter Output = new ObjectParameter("ID", typeof(Int32)); 
context.InsertPerson(Name, Description, Output);   

Console.Write("ID: {0}", Output.Value);