Jump to first non-whitespace character in line in emacs

[Origin]: http://superuser.com/questions/331221/jump-to-first-non-whitespace-character-in-line-in-emacs

I’m looking for the emacs equivalent of vi’s ^.

How can I move my cursor to the first non-whitespace character in a line?

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The command is back-to-indentation, bound by default to M-m.

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pip install fails with “connection error: [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed (_ssl.c:598)”

[Origin]: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/25981703/pip-install-fails-with-connection-error-ssl-certificate-verify-failed-certi

kenorb’s answer is very useful.
Among his solutions, maybe this is the most simple one: --trusted-host

For example, in this case you can do

pip install --trusted-host pypi.python.org linkchecker

The pem file(or anything else) is unnecessary.

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Why use apt-get upgrade instead of apt-get dist-upgrade?

[Origin]: http://askubuntu.com/questions/194651/why-use-apt-get-upgrade-instead-of-apt-get-dist-upgrade

I typically upgrade my machines with:

sudo apt-get update && time sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Below is an excerpt from man apt-get. Using upgrade keeps to the rule: under no circumstances are currently installed packages removed, or packages not already installed retrieved and installed. If that’s important to you, use apt-get upgrade. If you want things to “just work”, you probably want apt-get dist-upgrade to ensure dependencies are resolved.

To expand on why you’d want upgrade instead of dist-upgrade, if you are a systems administrator, you need predictability. You might be using advanced features like apt pinning or pulling from a collection of PPAs (perhaps you have an in-house PPA), with various automations in place to inspect your system and available upgrades instead of always eagerly upgrading all available packages. You would get very frustrated when apt performs unscripted behavior, particularly if this leads to downtime of a production service.

upgrade
    upgrade is used to install the newest versions of all packages
    currently installed on the system from the sources enumerated in
    /etc/apt/sources.list. Packages currently installed with new
    versions available are retrieved and upgraded; under no
    circumstances are currently installed packages removed, or packages
    not already installed retrieved and installed. New versions of
    currently installed packages that cannot be upgraded without
    changing the install status of another package will be left at
    their current version. An update must be performed first so that
    apt-get knows that new versions of packages are available.

dist-upgrade
    dist-upgrade in addition to performing the function of upgrade,
    also intelligently handles changing dependencies with new versions
    of packages; apt-get has a "smart" conflict resolution system, and
    it will attempt to upgrade the most important packages at the
    expense of less important ones if necessary. So, dist-upgrade
    command may remove some packages. The /etc/apt/sources.list file
    contains a list of locations from which to retrieve desired package
    files. See also apt_preferences(5) for a mechanism for overriding
    the general settings for individual packages.
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Exclude packages from `apt-get upgrade`

[Origin]: http://askubuntu.com/questions/99774/exclude-packages-from-apt-get-upgrade

To hold a package:

In short: sudo apt-mark hold <package>

or

echo <package> hold | sudo dpkg --set-selections

To unhold a package:

In short: sudo apt-mark unhold <package>

or

echo <package> install | sudo dpkg --set-selections
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Adding a db_executor role

[Origin]: http://www.sqlmatters.com/Articles/Adding%20a%20db_executor%20role.aspx

SQL Server has several fixed database roles such as db_datareader and db_datawriter, which grants the user read and write access respectively to all the tables in the database. Curiously there is no role to grant a user permission to execute stored procedures, but fortunately this is easily resolved by creating a new role.

The following SQL creates the new role in a database, and then grants it execute rights :

-- Create a db_executor role
CREATE ROLE db_executor

-- Grant execute rights to the new role
GRANT EXECUTE TO db_executor

A user can then be added to the new role, much like the db_datareader and db_datawriter roles.

If you want to check that the role has been created and then add a user to the role, right click on a user in the database in SQL Server Management Studio and select ‘Properties’. In the ‘Database role membership’ control notice that the new db_executor role now appears, click the checkbox to add the user to the role, as below :

Adding a db_executor role

Alternatively the user can be added to the role in code using the following SQL :

-- to allocate a user to the new role :
EXEC sp_addrolemember 'db_executor','SQLMatters'

A user added to this role will be able to execute all stored procedures in the database, including ones created in the future.

This works for SQL Server 2005 onwards.

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