Regular expression to match standard 10 digit phone number

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/16699007/regular-expression-to-match-standard-10-digit-phone-number

There are many variations possible for this problem. Here is a regular expression similar to an answer I previously placed on SO.

^\s*(?:\+?(\d{1,3}))?[-. (]*(\d{3})[-. )]*(\d{3})[-. ]*(\d{4})(?: *x(\d+))?\s*$

It would match the following examples and much more:

18005551234
1 800 555 1234
+1 800 555-1234
+86 800 555 1234
1-800-555-1234
1 (800) 555-1234
(800)555-1234
(800) 555-1234
(800)5551234
800-555-1234
800.555.1234
800 555 1234x5678
8005551234 x5678
1    800    555-1234
1----800----555-1234

Regardless of the way the phone number is entered, the capture groups can be used to breakdown the phone number so you can process it in your code.

  • Group1: Country Code (ex: 1 or 86)
  • Group2: Area Code (ex: 800)
  • Group3: Exchange (ex: 555)
  • Group4: Subscriber Number (ex: 1234)
  • Group5: Extension (ex: 5678)

Here is a breakdown of the expression if you’re interested:

^\s*                #Line start, match any whitespaces at the beginning if any.
(?:\+?(\d{1,3}))?   #GROUP 1: The country code. Optional.
[-. (]*             #Allow certain non numeric characters that may appear between the Country Code and the Area Code.
(\d{3})             #GROUP 2: The Area Code. Required.
[-. )]*             #Allow certain non numeric characters that may appear between the Area Code and the Exchange number.
(\d{3})             #GROUP 3: The Exchange number. Required.
[-. ]*              #Allow certain non numeric characters that may appear between the Exchange number and the Subscriber number.
(\d{4})             #Group 4: The Subscriber Number. Required.
(?: *x(\d+))?       #Group 5: The Extension number. Optional.
\s*$                #Match any ending whitespaces if any and the end of string.

To make the Area Code optional, just add a question mark after the (\d{3}) for the area code.

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